Constituent
Name
Hematite
Class
non-silicate mineral
Compound type
oxide-hydroxide
Relevance
main - major
Arrangement
single phase
Abundance comments
Possible traces
Formula
$Fe_2O_3$
Chemical formula
Fe2O3
Elemental formula
(Fe3+)2 O3
Isotope mixture type
terrestrial abundance
  Formula Name Family Number min-max Isotope mole fraction State Relevance
$Fe^{3+}$ Iron(III) cation element 2 constituent element main
$O$ Oxygen element 3 constituent element main
Composition comments
Common impurities: ?
Oxides
Formula $Fe_{2}O_{3}$
Mass fraction (%) 100.0

Strunz

Class
oxides - hydroxides - arsenites (04)
Division
metal:oxygen = 2:3, 3:5, and similar (04.C)
Family
with medium-sized cations (04.CB)
Code
04.CB.05

Dana

Major class
oxides and hydroxides (III)
Class
simple oxides (04)
Type
with a cation charge of 3+ (A+++2O3) (04.03)
Group
Corundum-Hematite group (Rhombohedral: R-3c) (04.03.01)
Code
04.03.01.02
Phase type
crystalline
Crystal system
trigonal
Crystal class
hexagonal-scalenohedral
Crystal class symbol
-3m (D3d)
Crystal spacegroup
R-3c
Crystal sites
Label Nb Type Wp Specie Specie coordinence Specie occupancy Specie oxidation state
Fe 2  $Fe$ tetrahedral IV 1.0
O 3  $O$ 1.0
Molar mass
159.69 $g/mol$
Density
5.3 $g/cm^3$
Refringence type
uniaxial
Refringence sign
negative
Birefringence
0.280
Refraction index $n_{\alpha}$
2.87 - 2.94
Refraction index $n_{\beta}$
3.15 - 3.22
Color
reddish gray, black, blackish red
Diaphaneity
subtranslucent to opaque
Luster
metallic