Constituent
Name
Na-Montmorillonite
Class
silicate mineral
Compound type
phyllosilicate
Relevance
main - major
Arrangement
coated core
Mass fraction
0.008 $\pm$ 0.001
Formula
$(Na_{0.07}Ca_{0.26}K_{0.005})[Al_{1.615}Fe^{3+}_{0.21}Mg_{0.28}Ti_{<0.01}][(Si_{3.945}Al_{0.055}]O_{10}(OH)_2$
Chemical formula
[(Na)1-x(Ca)0.5(1+x)]0.3[(Al)x(Mg)y(Fe3+)1-x-y]2[(Si)x(Al)1-x]4O10(OH)2•n(H2O)
Elemental formula
(Fe3+)0.21-2 (Si)3.945-4 (Na)0.07-0.3 (Al)1.67-2.5 (Ca)0.26-0.15 O12 H2 (Mg)0.28-0.35
Isotope mixture type
terrestrial abundance
  Formula Name Family Number min-max Isotope mole fraction State Relevance
$Ca$ Calcium element 0.26 - 0.15 constituent element main
$Ti$ Titanium element 0.01 constituent element impurity
$Mg$ Magnesium element 0.28 - 0.35 constituent element main
$H$ Hydrogen element 2.0 - 2.0 constituent element main
$Al$ Aluminium element 1.67 - 2.5 constituent element main
$Na$ Sodium element 0.07 - 0.3 constituent element main
$K$ Potassium element 0.005 constituent element impurity
$Si$ Silicon element 3.945 - 4.0 constituent element main
$O$ Oxygen element 12.0 - 12.0 constituent element main
$Fe^{3+}$ Iron(III) cation element 0.21 - 2.0 constituent element main
Composition comments
perfect solid solution - Common impurities: Ti, K This composition is for the whole dry matter, not just the smectite fraction. From Mermut & Cano 2001. Thermal analysis DTA: endotherms at 185°C (shoulder at 235°C), desorption of water: 755°C, dehydroxylation; shoulder at 810°C, exotherms at 980°C. TG: Loss in dehydroxylation range: 5.53% (theory: 5%)
Chemical functions
  Function Number
$\bullet (OH)^-$ 2
Chemical bonds
  Bond Number
$H-O^-$ 1
Oxides
Formula Al2O3 TiO2 Fe2O3 P2O5 SiO2 MgO Na2O CaO K2O
Mass fraction (%) 22.05 0.09 4.37 0.003 61.46 2.94 1.47 1.18 0.2
Oxides comments
From Mermut & Cano 2001. Loss on heating: -550°C: 0.61-1.59%; 550-1000°C: 4.47-5.15%

Strunz

Class
silicates (09)
Division
phyllosilicate (09.E)
Family
Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets (09.EC)
Code
09.EC.40

Dana

Major class
silicates (VIII)
Class
phyllosilicate sheets of six-membered rings (71)
Type
with 2:1 clays (71.03)
Group
Smectite group (Dioctahedral Smectites) (71.03.01a)
Phase type
crystalline
Crystal system
monoclinic
Crystal class
prismatic
Crystal class symbol
2/m (C2h)
Crystal spacegroup
C2/m
Molar mass
389.27 - 549.07 $g/mol$
Density
2.0 - 2.7 $g/cm^3$
Refringence type
biaxial
Refringence sign
negatif
Birefringence
0.015 - 0.035
Refraction index $n_{\alpha}$
1.485 - 1.58
Refraction index $n_{\beta}$
1.504 - 1.612
Refraction index $n_{\gamma}$
1.505 - 1.615
Diaphaneity
translucent to opaque
Luster
earthy